Golden Temple(Harmandir Sahib Gurdwara) in Amritsar Punjab India

Here is Some information about Golden Temple Amritsar in Punjab india.


Location : Amritsar, Punjab, India
Address: Golden Temple Rd, Atta Mandi, Katra Ahluwalia, Amritsar, Punjab 143006
Phone: 0183 255 3957
Architectural style: Sikh architecture
Built in During : 1574-1601
Built By : Guru Ram Das
Significance : Most revered shrine of the Sikhs
Entry: Free
Phone : Temple Manager: 0183/255-3953, -3957, or -3958Information
Photography: Not allowed in inside the Temple
Temple timing  : 24 hours open
Office: 0183/255-3954
Official website : www.goldentempleamritsar.org
Festival Celebrate : Baisakhi,
Known as: Golden Temple of Amritsar, Harmandir Sahib, Hari Mandir

 More Information about  Golden Temple in Amritsar

Amritsar, literally meaning "holy pool of nectar" is the spiritual and cultural centre of the Sikh Religion. The GoldenTemple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib was initiated by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas Jee and completed in 1601 by his successor Guru Arjan Dev Jee. There is such a spiritual embodiment of the higher being that even the non believer is seduced by the hypnotic melody of the Paath. Listen to it and all your sorrows will be washed away and you will reveal your own inner spirit. Oh Ye of little faith, release yourself from your day to day suffering and embrace the true Guru. Listen to the immortal story of bliss on Paath. The temple (orgurdwara) is a major pilgrimage destination for Sikhs from all over the world, as well as an increasingly popular tourist attraction.

Generally, one can find picture of Golden Temple in the homes of almost every Sikh round the World. The Sikhs wish to pay a visit and obeisance to Harmandir Sahib. The advent of the Darbar Sahib is associated with the history and ideology of the Sikhism. The architecture of the temple encompasses various symbols that are linked with other places of worship. These symbols portray the sense of forbearance and approval, which is put forward by the Sikh philosophy.

History of The Golden Temple Amritsar

Construction of the Golden Temple began in 1574 on land donated by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The building project was overseen by the fourth and fifth Sikh Gurus. The temple was completed in 1601, but restoration and embellishment continued over the years. The temple had to be substantially rebuilt after it was sacked in the 1760s.
In the early 19th century, 100 kg of gold were applied to the inverted lotus-shaped dome and decorative marble was added. All this gold and marble work took place under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The legendary warrior king was a major donor of money and materials for the shrine and is remembered with much affection by the Sikh community and Punjabi people.
In June 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered an attack on armed Sikh militants holed up in the Golden Temple. Over 500 people were killed in the ensuing firefight, and Sikhs around the world were outraged at the desecration of their holiest site. Four months after the attack, Gandhi was assassinated by her two Sikh bodyguards, leading to a massacre followed in which thousands of Sikhs lost their lives.
The Sikh community refused to allow the central government to repair the damage to the temple, instead undertaking the work themselves. Although most of the damaged been repaired, the incident has not been forgotten. Many people in Amritsar are still anxious to explain the Sikh side of the story to visitors.

Attraction of The Golden Temple Amritsar

Despite its great sacred status, the Golden Temple is open to visitors, like all Sikh temples. The only restrictions are that visitors must not drink alcohol, eat meat or smoke in the shrine. And unlike many other Indian temples, visitors to the Harmandir Sahib are made to feel truly welcome and not pressured to buy anything. The information office left of the main gate gives helpful advice and information, as well as booklets on Sikhism.

Most visitors to the Golden Temple, whether Sikh or not, are humbled by what is quite simply the most tangibly spiritual place in the country. Arrive with a few good hours set aside and get lost in its magical beauty. Visitors must leave their shoes at the facility near the entrance, cover their head (bandanas are provided, or you can buy a souvenir bandana from a vendor), and wash their feet by wading through the shallow pool before entering.
The most famous and sacred part of the Golden Temple complex is the Hari Mandir (Divine Temple) or Darbar Sahib (Court of the Lord), which is the beautiful golden structure at the center of a large body of water. The gold-plated building features copper cupolas and white marble walls encrusted with precious stones arranged in decorative Islamic-style floral patterns. The structure is decorated inside and out with verses from the Granth Sahib (the Sikh holy book).
The water that surrounds the Hari Mandir is a sacred pool known as the Amrit Sarovar (Pool of Nectar). The temple is reached by following the Parikrama, which circumscribes the sacred pool in a clockwise direction. Connecting the pathway with the Hari Mandir is a marble causeway called the Guru's Bridge, which symbolizes the journey of the soul after death. The gateway to the bridge, the Darshani Deorhi, has magnificent silver doors.
The fascinating scene inside the Hari Mandir is televised throughout India for Sikh viewers. Amidst a crowd of fervent and solemn devotees, scriptures from the Holy Book are sung beneath a canopy studded with jewels. A chauri (whisk) is continually waved above the Book as lines of Sikhs pay their respects by touching their foreheads to the temple floor and walls, continuing in a clockwise direction at a relaxed pace.
Another major highlight of the Golden Temple complex is the Guru-ka-Langar, adining hall where around 35,000 people a day are fed for free by temple volunteers. Everyone is invited to join this communal breaking of bread. All participants sit on the floor, regardless of caste, status, wealth or creed, powerfully symbolizing the central Sikh doctrine of the equality of all people.
Guest quarters are also available for international Sikh visitors (for a nominal fee), and at least 400 simple rooms are provided (free of charge) to Sikh pilgrims.
In the Central Sikh Museum at the main entrance, galleries display images and remembrances of Sikh gurus, warriors, and saints; it includes some graphic portraits of the torture and execution of gurus.

Architecture of  Golden Temple

Built on a square platform, Golden Temple looks celestial with its gilded appearance. The temple has doorways on its each side. Darshani Deori is an arch that stands at the shore end of the boardwalk. The door frame of the Darshan Deori extends to 10 ft in height and 8.6 ft in breadth. The panes of the door are festooned in an artistic manner. It leads to the boardwalk (bridge), which takes to the main shrine of Shri Harmandir Sahib.

The boardwalk is linked with the 13 ft wide feet 'Pardakshna', which is a circumambulatory path. This path runs round the main shrine and escort to the 'Har Ki Pauri' (Steps of God). At the first floor, the reading of Guru Granth Sahib goes for 24*7 hours. The fa├žade that faces the bridge is ornamented with recurring cusped arches. On the top of it, there is a low fluted 'Gumbaz' (Dome) with lotus petals motif at its base. The inverted lotus at the zenith supports the 'Kalash' that has a striking 'Chhatri' at the end.
The remarkable architecture of Swarn Mandir is often cited as the finest architectural specimens of the world. Amrit Sarovar (Pool of Nectar) is the main attraction of this temple, which is believed to have water with curative properties. People from far and near come to take this holy water of Amrit Sarovar. The Golden Temple is a religious place of spiritual importance and significance. Devotees from all over the world come to pay their homage at this blessed place.

Nearest Hotels and Restaurants of  Golden Temple  Amritsar

Hotel Darbar View
Bazar Mai Sewan, near golden temple, Amritsar
0.1 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Randhawa International 3.0 Star Hotel
J & K Road, Amritsar
0.1 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel CJ International 2.5 Star Hotel
Near Golden Temple, Amritsar
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel A J Golden Crescent 2.0 Star Hotel
19 Brahmbutta Market, Amritsar
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Abode UNA Xpress
Opp. Jallianwala Bagh, Near Golden Temple, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Grace 2.5 Star Hotel
35, Braham Buta Market, Sarai Golden Temple, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel City Heart 3.0 Star Hotel
Near Golden Temple, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Heritage Inn Amritsar 3.0 Star Hotel
1234, Baba Attal Road, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Royal Inn 2.0 Star Hotel
49 Brahm Butta Market, Near Sarai Guru Ram Das, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Sitara Niwas Hotel
Near Golden Temple Sarai, Amritsar
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Prems Paradise 3.5 Star Hotel
Kesri Bagh Near Hanuman Mandir, Amritsar
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Robin 3.0 Star Hotel
2458 / 3, Niwan Bazar, Amritsar
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Hotel Sita Niwas 2.0 Star Hotel
61 Sita Niwas Road, Amritsar
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib or The Golden Temple

Brother's Amritsari Dhaba
Near Golden Temple Adjacent to Jallianwala Bhag
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib

Sanjha Chulha Restaurant
Near Golden Temple Katra Ahluwalia, Bazar Bikanerian
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib

Wah Ji Wah
Golden Temple Road
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib

2 States Restaurant
Golden Temple Road Opp, Mcdonalds
0.2 km from Harmandir Sahib

Neelam's
Near Bagh Jallianwala, Golden Temple Road
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib

Mc Donalds
Jallianwala Bagh Golden Temple
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib

Rajasthani Chat Bhandar
Chowk Katra, Near Jallianwala Bagh, Town Hall
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib

Kesar da Dhaba
Chowk Passian Near Town Hall
0.6 km from Harmandir Sahib

Bille Di Hatti
Bartanwala Bazar Gpo
0.3 km from Harmandir Sahib

Pizza Hut
Jalianwala Bagh Near Jalianwala Bagh
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib

Giani Ice Cream
Opposite Jalianwala Bagh Near Golden Temple, Darbar Shaib
0.4 km from Harmandir Sahib

How to Reach Golden Temple Amritsar

By Rail : Amritsar is directly connected to Amritsar via rail route. It takes about 8 to 10 hours to reach Amritsar by train.

By Road : Grand Trunk Karnal Road connects Delhi to Amritsar. Regular buses are available from I.S.B.T. Delhi to Amritsar. You can choose from local, semi deluxe, deluxe and super deluxe buses offered by bus station.

By Air : The airport at Amritsar named Raja Sani International Airport offers excellent services. The airport is well connected by other parts of the country by regular flights. Now Jet Airways, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Air India also offer flights to Amritsar from Delhi, Birmingham and London.

Picture Gallery of Golden Temple Amritshar 


Google Map of Golden Temple Amritsar



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